1. abroad 到国外 go abroad
board 板 on board
2. across 介词，表面穿过 walk across the road
cross 动词 cross the road
through 介词，空间穿过 go through the window
past 介词，经过 walk past the post office
pass 动词 pass the test
3. alive 活着的 I am still alive.
live 现场直播 is covered live
居住 live in the city
lively 活泼的 make his class lively and interesting
living make a living/ a living room
4. lonely孤独 feel lonely
孤零零 a lonely house
alone独自 live alone
along沿着 walk along the street
5. asleep 睡着的 fall asleep
6. fall 落下，倒 fall down
fell ：fall的过去式 (fall—fell---fallen)
feel 觉得 feel sleepy/tired---过去式felt
Jim acted badly, but Tom did worse.
He plays football well and his father does better.
8. boring, interesting, exciting, tiring…修饰物 an interesting story
bored, interested, excited, tired…修饰人 feel bored
9. borrow 借进（以句子主语为参照物）
May I borrow your pen?
Could you lend me some money?
How long can I keep the magazine?
10. both两者都 Both of his parents are workers.
all 三者以上都 All of my classmates are from China.
neither 两者都不 Neither of my hands is clean.
none没有一个（三者及以上）None of the four apples is/are red.
nothing什么都没有 There’s nothing in the fridge.
11. care：take care of
careful 形，仔细的be careful with fire
carefully 副，仔细地 listen carefully
careless 形，粗心的 a careless student
carelessly 副，粗心地drive carelessly
carelessness名，粗心 Your carelessness led to the mistake.
12. take 带走（以说话者为中心）remember to take a raincoat
bring 带来（以说话者为中心）bring your book here
carry 拿，无方向 Could you help me carry the books?
13. close 动词，关闭close the door
形，亲密的 my closest friend
closed 形，关着的 keep the door closed
14. closely 副，密切地 work closely with us
15. brave 形，勇敢的
He is brave enough to save the old man.
have the courage to tell him the bad news
face the difficulties bravely
16. dead 形，死的 have been dead
die 动，死亡 die of hunger
death 名，死亡 the death of his pet makes him so sad.
17. especially副，尤其 He is good at all subjects, especially maths.
specially 副，专门 The pen is specially designed for the boy.
special形，特殊的 a special day
18. except 除了
All the students except Tom will go for a school trip.
You are expected to bring it back when you return.
19. excited形，激动的，修饰人feel excited
exciting形，激动人心的，修饰物 an exciting film
excitedly 副，修饰人 shouted excitedly
excitement名shout with excitement
20.a little一些，修饰不可数名词 a little money
a few一些，修饰可数名词 a few trees
little几乎没有，修饰不可数名词 There’s little water in the glass, is it?
few几乎没有，修饰可数名词 so few students
21.form 形成 form a good reading habit
22. France 法国/ French 法语
German 德国的/ Germany 德国
23. hard 努力 work hard
hardly 几乎不 The boy hardly does his homework.
24. healthy 健康的 keep healthy
health 健康 it’s good for your health
healthily 健康地 eat healthily
25. if 如果 主将从现 If he comes, I’ll call you.
是否 I don’t know if he will come here.
whether 是否 （如与or连用，则用）
I wonder whether he’ll come or not.
What will the weather be like tomorrow?
26.include 动词 包括
The list includes the names of many famous writers.
They have many pets, including three cats.
27. invent 动词 发明 Edison invented a lot of things.
invention 名词 发明 The invention made much difference to humans.
inventor 名词 发明者 Edison was a great inventor.
28. last 上一个的 last year;
最后的 make her last apperance
动词，持续 The meeting will last one and a half hours.
lasting 形，持久的 a lasting value
29. lie 名词，谎言 tell a lie
动词，说谎 He is always lying to us.
动词，位于Japan lies to the east of China.
动词，躺，平放 He likes lying on the grass.
30.luck 名，运气 good luck
lucky 形，幸运的a lucky number
luckily 副，幸运的是 Luckily, we got better marks.
31. noise名，噪音 Don’t make any noise.
noisy 形，吵闹的 much too noisy
noisily 副，吵闹地 talk noisily
32. noise 噪音
sound 声音We sat listening to the sound of the waves
听起来 The music sounds beautiful.
voice 嗓音 The singer has a sweet voice.
33. provide 提供
provide a chance for the boy=provide the boy with a chance
offer :offer a chance to the boy=offer the boy a chance
34. other别的 ，加名词 other students
another另一个 I don’t like the pair of shoes, would you like to show me another pair?
the other 两个中的另一个,常用one…the other Here is a shoe, where’s the other one?
35. over/ under 年龄的上下
36. peace名词，和平 love peace
peaceful形，宁静的 a peaceful village
we hope to solve the problem peacefully.
37. pleasure名，乐意。对方请求帮助—With pleasure. 帮助后对方感谢—My pleasure./ It’s my pleasure.
pleasant 形， 修饰物 a pleasant trip
pleased形，修饰人 I am pleased with the robot.
38. pollute动，污染 The water will be polluted if you do that.
polluted形，被污染的 Our planet is becoming more and more polluted and crowded.
pollution 名，污染 noise pollution
39. quiet 安静的 keep quiet
quite相当 quite quiet
I received a valuable gift but I didn’t accept it because of its value.
41. realize 实现，主语为人
I am sure you will realize your dream.
come true 实现，主语为物
I hope your dream will come true.
42.raise 升起，及物动词，后面必须跟宾语 raise your hand/ raise the national flag( raise—raised—raised)
rise不及物动词，后面不可以跟宾语 the sun rises, the price rises, the water level rises( rise—rose---risen)
43. sad 形，悲伤的 too sad to say a word
sadness 名 ，悲伤 share your joy and sadness
sadly 副，遗憾的是 Sadly, few people were saved.
44. safe 形，安全的 a safe place
safety 名，安全 Safety comes first.
safely 副，安全地 The plane landed safely.
save 动，挽救 save money, save his life
45. satisfied 形，满意的
I am not satisfied with the machine at all.
satisfy 动，满足 satisfy your need
46. search 搜索（范围）
search for （目标）The police are searching the city for the murderer.
47. serve 动,服务 serve the old couple politely
service 名 I will never forget its good service./ be in service
48. smile名，微笑 wear a big smile on her face
动 smile at me kindly
Her smiling eyes make her loved by all the people.
49. succeed 动，成功
At last, he succeeded in winning the first prize.
It turned out that her speech was a big success.
I’m sure that you’ll be successful.
At last, he won the first prize successfully.
50. take 花费（时间）,主语是物
How long does it take you to fly to Chengdu?
He spent 10,000 yuan on the bike.
The flat cost me 1,000,000 yuan.
They pay 100 yuan for the shoes.
51. though虽然I take my medicine, though I do not like it.
thought想的过去式 I've thought about it for some time.
想法 Her thought isn’t the same as mine.
through （从空间）通过the light shines through the sharp teeth
52. wide 形，宽的 The river is 300 metres wide.
副，充分地 open his eyes wide
widely 副，广泛地 English is widely used all over the world.
53. hope 希望hope to do;实现的可能性大;不可用hope sb. to do, 可改用hope 从句结构 I hope to go to college.
My father hopes that I can go to college.
wish 希望，可用wish sb. to do;实现的可能性不大，所以从句用虚拟语气I wish I could get rid of the habit of smoking.
54.worry 名， 担忧 share your worries with me
动，担忧 Don’t worry about your exams.
worried形，担心的 I am so worried about his health that I can’t sleep well.
55. have sb. do sth.让某人做某事，类似于make sb. do:
Will you like to have him call you back ?
have sth done 请人做
Her father had the book punished.
have sth to do 有……要做
I have too much homework to do today.
have done sth 做了某事
I have finished all my homework now.